Historic Black Rulers


Laraya Duncan, Staff Writer

Kandake Amanirenas 


Kandake Amanirenas was the queen of Kush, an Ancient Kingdom in modern day Sudan [1]. But that wasn’t the only name she went by. After losing an eye in battle, some referred to the queen as “One Eye Kandace”, but that didn’t stop her [2].


 Amanirenas conquered Syene during her rule resulting of the raiding and vandalization of the Roman Emperor Agustus’s statues [1]. The queen even went as far as placing the broken off head of one of these statues underneath the feet of her throne as a constant reminder of her victory [2]. 

Mansa Musa


Mansa Musa is credited as the world’s richest person [3]. National Geographic states how “…his work in expanding trade made Mali the wealthiest kingdom in Africa.” In one instance, Musa led a religious pilgrimage with 100 camels carrying pure gold [4]! 


He didn’t just care about money though, he yearned for knowledge throughout his reign. At the height of his reign he could accommodate up to twenty-five thousand people [4].

Amina of Zaria


Amia of Zaria was a great warrior queen of her time who did great things for her people. For starters, she was the first woman to become the Sarauniya or queen in a patriarchal society [5].


 Amina was also cavalry-trained and led an army of one thousand cavalry troops [6]]! She also introduced metal armor in her army including chain mail and iron helmets [7]. Not only was she powerful on the battlefield, she also brought great wealth to her kingdoms. In one instance receiving 40 eunuchs and 10,000 kola nuts [5].


1. https://www.history.com/news/nubian-queen-amanirenas-roman-army 


2. https://www.blackpast.org/global-african-history/kandake-amanirenas-10-bc/#:~:text=Kandake%20Amanirenas%20was%20a%20queen,armies%20of%20the%20Roman%20Empire


3. https://education.nationalgeographic.org/resource/mansa-musa-musa-i-mali 


4. https://magazine.northwestern.edu/features/caravans-of-gold-fragments-in-time/a-golden-age-king-mansa-musas-reign/


5. https://www.africanfeministforum.com/queen-amina-of-zaria-nigeria/ 


6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amina


7. https://www.ukplatinumservices.com/blog/platinum-black-history-month-the-queen-of-zaria-nigeria-amina